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Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the
study of mind and behavior. "Psychology" also refers to the application of such
knowledge to various spheres of human activity, including problems of
individuals' daily lives and the treatment of mental illness.
Psychology differs from sociology, anthropology, economics, and political
science in part because it involves studying the mental processes and behavior
of individuals (alone or in groups) rather than the behavior of the groups or
aggregates themselves. Psychology differs from biology and neuroscience in that
it is primarily concerned with the interaction of mental processes and behavior
and of the overall processes of a system, and not simply the biological or
neural processes themselves.
Although psychological questions were asked in antiquity, psychology emerged as
a separate discipline only recently. The first person to call himself a
"psychologist", Wilhelm Wundt, opened the first psychological laboratory in
1879. - Wikipedia